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Picture of UV-Fluorescence Steampunk Lamp
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Hi everybody!

I can´t believe that my last Instructable-project started in June 2017.

Oh, some family affairs needed some more attention, so my workshop was closed for a long time. But now I can start again with the presentation of a small serial of new steampunk objects which I realized in between.

First I write about the UV-Fluorescence Steampunk Lamp:

Two scientific High-Power UV-LED with different wavelengths enlighten some quinine lemonade filled in a round bottom flask. One light beam comes from the top, the other is shining through the bottom. The fluorescence effect gives an impressive blue light when you turn the switches on.

The following steps will show very detailed the construction of this steampunk-apparatus

I hope you will enjoy it.

Yours Aeon Junophor

Step 1: Some Theoretical Background Information

Picture of Some Theoretical Background Information
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If you are interested in the explanation about fluorescence please read the article at wikipedia.

Important! Please note!

Instructables member gendragonfly asked me to give a special safety explanation about working with these UV lights! Well, I agree fully with his explanation and that´s why I copy his comment here.

gendragonfly writes:

"Just a safety tip for anyone who wants to build this project: UV wavelengths below 315 nm are harmful to the skin (not just the eyes) ! And the shorter they get the more damaging they are. If at all possible try using an LED for this build without the small peak at 245 nm, this is UV-C radiation and can be very harmful. Curing LED's (like the one used in this project seems to be) often have several peaks because its helpful in speeding up the curing process, it is however not good for your skin. (That's why they are only allowed to be used in closed environments where the harmful light can't escape.) Even at the low energy levels of one or two LED's long term exposure will still do damage. A black light LED (400 nm) or an LED that produces only one wavelength between 385-415 nm would be fine for this project and way safer. Anything below 380 nm isn't visible anyway, so unless your trying to get a tan, try to stay away from the shorter wavelengths. I hope, even though we all like shiny things with a nice patina, we also like to keep our DNA in one piece ;)"

And I want to add, that in this project I exactly followed these rules and used UV LED with 385 nm and 405 nm and tried to avoid a direct beam of UV Light to the eyes by this special construction!!

Quinine has like all other fluorescence stuff a special fluorescence spectrum which you can see here. To get the best result I worked with High Power UV-LED of two different wavelengths 385 nm and 405 nm. These LED take 500 mA each while working. A "classic" LED take 20 mA! I also used a borosilicate glass bottle which is the only glass that let UV-light come in and out without a quality loss.

A turbid lemonade with quinine spreads the light better than a clear one like tonic water, that´s why I chose this lemonade after testing various sorts.

UV light at such a high power level and on these wavelengths is very dangerous to the human eyes and that is why I placed one LED under the bottom of the glass and the top LED in the sanded neck, so no one gets a direct beam of the UV light but everyone can enjoy the mystic (and not dangerous) blue-green light coming out of the bottle.

Very often I am asked for the electrical /schematic, so here it is....

shatan made it!6 months ago
My version. You can control the light intensity by turning that knob. There is another thing you can do with this - you can smoke anything, its like a pipe(I don't have photos at the moment). Thanks for the great idea!
2019-02-05 19.59.41.jpg2019-02-05 20.01.21.jpg2019-02-05 19.58.27.jpg
Junophor (author)  shatan6 months ago
Hi shatan!
Oh, this looks really awesome and you can be very proud about it!!!
Very good idea to use it with a second function as a pipe;-))
Take a bow!
Yours Aeon Junophor
John Barrile7 months ago
How do u install 2nd LED in bottle neck?? Thought about drilling rubber plug , but will lemonade affect electrodes??
Junophor (author)  John Barrile7 months ago
Hi John!
See also Step 5 "The cantilever arm"
Screenshot_20190205-075030.jpg
Junophor (author)  John Barrile7 months ago
It is me again :
A rubberplug with a hole drilled in its center will also work good
Chrisstar7 months ago
Hello I really love this design. I always wanted to try and make something steampunk(y?) myself but I just don't know where to get parts. I tried searching through my parents and grandparents houses for stuff to use but I never really found anything. Do you have any idea on where to get parts? I live in Germany btw
Junophor (author)  Chrisstar7 months ago
Hi
Christar!


First of
all you need an idea about a possible steampunk object of that style
you like best.


THIS IS
THE MOST IMPOPRTATN THING OF ALL!!!


You will
find a lot of very good and detailed descriptions about building
steampunk objects here at instructables.

Furthermore
you can take a look at internet pages like pinterest to find what you
prefer.


NEXT
STEP IST TO LOOK AFTER THINGS/PART YOU WANT TO USE FOR YOUR
PROJECT.


Old
analog Amp- or Voltmeters can be found at ebay or „ebay-Kleinanzeigen“.
There you also find old radio tubes, nixie tubes and other intresting
electric and eletronic parts as well as all the brass made parts you
can take from an old oil lamp (Kosmosbrenner )or whatever you like.

Flea
markets are as well very good places to find old stuff for your
projects.


NEXT:


At your
local buildingcenter, nearby the entrance you will find collecting
boxes for old electric bulbs. There you can find the typical brass
made edison sockets, E14, E27 and E42 size.

At the
woodshop of your local building center you will find a lot of
plywood pieces at their scrapbox. Ask there too.


Ask also
a local plumber if you are allowed, to take a look in and of course
to take some old brass or copper made part out of his scrapbox to
realize your idea.

Do the
same with an established electrician.



OPEN
YOUR EYES WHEN EVER YOU SEE SOME BULKY WASTE (Sperrmüll). There you can find a lot
of fascinating parts for your projects.


And
don´t forget to read carefully the instructables of other steampunks
to find out how to deal with the parts and material e.g about
soldering, welding, glueing, cutting and so on.


Well,
this is my basic recipe.



The rest
is steampunk ingenuity of a real maker which comes to your mind!!

So just
start a small project to try and find out which sort of steampunk style you prefer.


Hope,
this will help you

Yours
Aeon Junophor

Thank you very much for your reply! There were some really important tips, especially about the way of doing things. I'm someone who rather just starts doing things without a plan in mind and see what the outcome will be.
I think getting some techniques and inspiration from others will be a good idea. Also about getting parts, you gave me some very helpful advice.

I think I may not start a project immediately but once I have enough time on my hand I will try
Junophor (author)  Chrisstar7 months ago
Hi Chrisstar!
I tell you a secret. When an idea comes to my mind it is nearly the same process as you described it: First of all I take some parts in my hands and my mind develops and of course often changes the draft until the final result convinces me. That is what I meant when I was talking about steampunk ingenuity and creativity.

So I wish you all the and many ideas rising up!
Yours Aeon Junophor
1234567guy7 months ago
Congrats on the Contest! You deserve it!

Cheers!
Junophor (author)  1234567guy7 months ago
Take a bow! ;-))
Count Volta8 months ago
Awsome! This is something the 8th doctor would have in the TARDIS!
Junophor (author)  Count Volta8 months ago
You might be right...... :-))
kurt_rooks8 months ago
Congrats on the win!
Junophor (author)  kurt_rooks8 months ago
Thank you very much. I am absolutely overwhelmed about this success. And thank to all the others who voted for me!
MphatsoS19 months ago
Great Work!
ChristinaA219 months ago
Being a slightly mad scientist myself, I really appreciate your project!
Have you tried laundry detergent with optical brightener as liquid?
Junophor (author)  ChristinaA219 months ago
Yes i did.
I TRIED A LOT of different materials and this stuff hit them all.
You CAN FILL IT IN A RFILLABLE MARKER and believe me even after years you can still read the written signs while shining with a black light torch with 405 nm on them. Works best on natural pinewood things and also as well on concrete.
I wrote about fluorescence projects escpecially for kids in the German Make Magazine in November 2017.... (ten pages article)
IMG_20181203_222137.jpgIMG_20181203_222327.jpg
Thats what I use it for ;)
I use mollotow refillable markers, they are more on the expensive side - where did you get yours?
I built a mini version of your steampunk lamp yesterday, with what I had lying around - a coin cell, copper tape, an UV-LED and a test tube (Reagenzglas), works perfectly well, too.

Junophor (author)  ChristinaA219 months ago
Great idea!
Do you have some pictures of it?
unfortunately the tube broke on the top edge over night...
20181204_144229.jpg20181204_144318.jpg
Junophor (author)  ChristinaA219 months ago
Hey this looks really interesting. IT REMINDS A LITTLE BIT OF A FIRST ATTEMPT FROM A MAD SCIENTIST TO GET A NEW FORMULA TO RULE THE WORLD
Then yours is the 43rd.
;)
Junophor (author)  ChristinaA219 months ago
Take a bow ;-)
Really cool piece!
Supersonic4159 months ago
Would look even cooler if you found a way 2 make it bubble from the bottom when it's on
jimvandamme10 months ago
Did you use any current limiting on the LEDs?
Junophor (author)  jimvandamme10 months ago
Yes, I used a step down transformer
1234567guy10 months ago
can you do did in a room where there is light? for example your in your living room can you turn the steampunk thing in the living room?
Junophor (author)  1234567guy10 months ago
H1234567guy!

Yes, You can!
If you look closely to the first (and of course main) picture, you will see that this photo was taken at daylight in a great hall at the maker faire in Dortmund/Germany
Thanks! I wanted to make this but I needed advise first (safety first!)
because I don't want my skin burned!
Junophor (author)  1234567guy10 months ago
Hi
1234567guy!


I think
I have to give some more detailed explanation about UV -light and
fluorescence (used in this project)


First:

If you
use a „normal“ glass bottle, UV- light emitted by these 385 and
405 nm LED, is captured in the glass. Only the visible light runs
through. So you can´t burn your skin.


Second:

UV-Light
can damage your eyes so please make sure that you never look directly
into this LED light. Because of its nature this light seems to be
pale grey, our eyes can´t see it´s real colour, only the blue green
light „produced by fluorescence effect“ can be seen with our
eyes.


Third:

These
500mA LED are so powerfull that they can heat up the lemonade and of
course themselves in some minutes.



Less
powered UV-LED don´t heat up so much and can be driven for a longer
period of time. You can use 395 or 405 nm LED from a UV(blacklight) torch
best

for
example:


https://www.amazon.de/dp/B01N0AJVJJ/ref=asc_df_B01N0AJVJJ56940045/?tag=googshopde-21&creative=22434&creativeASIN=B01N0AJVJJ&linkCode=df0&hvadid=231941675984&hvpos=1o2&hvnetw=g&hvrand=14673465497905561340&hvpone=&hvptwo=&hvqmt=&hvdev=c&hvdvcmdl=&hvlocint=&hvlocphy=2276&hvtargid=pla-347787550500&th=1&psc=1

li
It´s a cheap
and easy possibility to get such UV-LED


To avoid
heat damages of the High Power UV-LED, just turn them on only for 2
or 3 minutes. In technical use these UV-LED are switched on and off
only for some seconds or less, so they can´t get too hot. They are
especially constructed for this pulsating use!!!


Fourth:

And that
is why I had to create a timer switch which will be presented as my
next instructables project- see covered picture below (too keep a little bit the secret ;-)).


It´s
a mechanical clockwork driven Steampunk-timeswitch



I will
write this instructables soon and in two or three weeks you can read
it here!!


Hope
this help you

Yours
Aeon Junophor

IMG_20181118_110132.jpg
Thanks! I really need this! I'm looking forward for to see you do next instrutable!
Cheers -1234567guy
gendragonfly10 months ago
Just a safety tip for anyone who wants to build this project:

UV wavelengths below 315 nm are harmful to the skin (not just the eyes) !
And the shorter they get the more damaging they are.

If at all possible try using an LED for this build without the small peak at 245 nm, this is UV-C radiation and can be very harmful. Curing LED's (like the one used in this project seems to be) often have several peaks because its helpful in speeding up the curing process, it is however not good for your skin. (That's why they are only allowed to be used in closed environments where the harmful light can't escape.) Even at the low energy levels of one or two LED's long term exposure will still do damage.

A black light LED (400 nm) or an LED that produces only one wavelength between 385-415 nm would be fine for this project and way safer. Anything below 380 nm isn't visible anyway, so unless your trying to get a tan, try to stay away from the shorter wavelengths. I hope, even though we all like shiny things with a nice patina, we also like to keep our DNA in one piece ;)

Please add a warning about this to your instructable Junophor.
Very nice instructable otherwise, the end result looks amazing :)
Junophor (author)  gendragonfly10 months ago
I will do so in an hour when I am at home
lboliq Junophor10 months ago
Oh, thank you very much, ordered :)

Junophor (author)  gendragonfly10 months ago
Hi gendragonfly!
I integrated your comment at step one, because I can´t explain it better!!
Thank you for this important notice and take a bow!!
Yours Aeon Junophor
You're welcome, happy to contribute to such a nice instructable :)
Are these ok? Which is more suitable, in your opinion, 3w or 10w?
https://www.aliexpress.com/item/1pcs-3W-5W-8W-10W-...
Thanks
3 watts in LED power is equivalent of 30 watts for a regular incandescent bulb, same for 10 watts, that's equivalent to 100 watts incandescent. Generally bulbs that people use on the ceiling of their house, have a higher wattage like 80 to 150 watts (otherwise the house would be quite dark at night). So anything below 60 watts is usable for small lights or mood lighting. Which wattage you choose should be determined by the amount of light in the room you want to put the light in. If you want your LED to be visible under an 80 watt or higher lamp, I'd recommend picking a higher wattage LED, something around 40-50 watt equivalent. This would mean a 4 or 5 watt LED. If you want to have mood lighting in a dark room less than 3 watts might be sufficient and if you want your LED to be visible in daylight more than 8 watts will probably be necessary. As for the wavelength, 400nm is really the sweet spot.
The link you sent are cree-LEDs meaning they run on high amperage and they run hot! You'll need a heat sink or you might want to use lower amperage LEDs like these: https://www.aliexpress.com/item/10PCS-3W-LED-Black-Light-Bulbs-Lamp-UV-Light-Chips-UV395-400Nm-LED-Ultraviolet-Lights-for/32858162555.html?spm=a2g0s.13010208.99999999.259.72633c00h2ZGka
Hope it helps :)
If you have anymore questions feel free to send me a private message
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